Which nations are in NATO? Full checklist of members and maps exhibiting nations bordering Russia and Ukraine

Russia has launched an invasion of Ukraine after Vladimir Putin declared struggle after months of rigidity.

The transfer has been condemned by NATO within the “strongest attainable” phrases, with the group reiterating its help for Ukraine, which isn’t certainly one of its members.

Russia has strongly opposed the enlargement of NATO to incorporate Ukraine, and has sought a proper veto upon turning into its member.

President Putin has made it clear that he sees the nation’s aspirations to hitch the grouping as a risk to Russia’s borders and its sphere of affect.

NATO is on the heart of the dispute between Russia and Ukraine (Picture: AFP/Getty Pictures)

Which nations are in NATO?

There are presently 30 nations in NATO; 27 in Europe, two in North America and one in Eurasia.

Listed here are the nations they joined:

  • Albania (2009)
  • Belgium (1949)
  • Bulgaria (2004)
  • Canada (1949)
  • Croatia (2009)
  • Czech Republic (1999)
  • Denmark (1949)
  • Estonia (2004)
  • France (1949)
  • Germany (1955)
  • Greece (1952)
  • Hungary (1999)
  • Iceland (1949)
  • Italy (1949)
  • Latvia (2004)
  • Lithuania (2004)
  • Luxembourg (1949)
  • Montenegro (2017)
  • Netherlands (1949)
  • North Macedonia (2020)
  • Norway (1949)
  • Poland (1999)
  • Portugal (1949)
  • Romania (2004)
  • Slovakia (2004)
  • Slovenia (2004)
  • Spain (1982)
  • Turkey (1952)
  • United Kingdom (1949)
  • United States (1949)

The map under reveals Ukraine’s necessary strategic place in Jap Europe, with the nation presently offering an necessary buffer between Russia and its NATO neighbors.

Map exhibiting NATO members of Europe (Map: NATO)

What does NATO do?

NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Group, and is also called the North Atlantic Alliance.

Its goal is to ensure the liberty and safety of its members by way of political and army means.

NATO was established in April 1949 in Washington DC. Its headquarter is in Brussels, Belgium.

Politically, it goals to advertise democratic values, and allows members to seek the advice of and collaborate on points associated to protection and safety to unravel issues, construct belief and, in the long term, forestall battle.

Concerning the army motion, NATO says it’s “dedicated to the peaceable decision of disputes”.

If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the army energy to conduct crisis-management operations.

It makes use of a system of collective safety, whereby its unbiased member states conform to mutual protection in response to an assault by an outdoor get together. Nonetheless, the group may also cooperate with exterior forces.

Extra Russo-Ukraine Conflict

Why is Ukraine not a member of NATO?

Ukraine is making use of to change into a member of NATO, but it surely has but to be formally accepted. Nonetheless, it is without doubt one of the physique’s “superior alternative companions”.

This standing is given to non-member nations which have “made important contributions to NATO-led operations and missions”, akin to Australia and Sweden.

Given Ukraine’s present instability, NATO membership is not going to occur any time quickly.

A brand new nation must be unanimously authorised by NATO members and components taken under consideration would come with “unresolved exterior territorial disputes”.

In 1997, NATO established the Ukraine–NATO Fee, which allowed discussions on safety points and enabled NATO–Ukraine relations to proceed with out a formal membership settlement.

Alastair Kocho-Williams, professor of historical past at Clarkson College within the US, says NATO membership would “considerably improve Ukraine’s worldwide army help, permitting NATO army motion inside Ukraine and with members of its army”.

Though NATO has no dedication to deploy troops to a non-member nation, it has despatched troops to neighboring nations and publicly backed Ukraine.

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