What’s Nord Stream 1 and why is it vital for Europe? , Russo-Ukraine Conflict Information

EU officers say the fuel move by way of the pipeline is being halted as a ‘politically motivated’ transfer by Moscow.

The Nord Stream 1 fuel pipeline has been the main target of controversy between Russia and EU members in current weeks, as Brussels seeks to safe sufficient reserves to get member states by way of the approaching European winter.

Russia’s state-controlled fuel large Gazprom has saved European leaders on their toes because it repeatedly introduced disruptions to fuel flows it claimed have been technical points because of upkeep work.

On Tuesday, because the bloc’s vitality ministers met in Brussels to approve an emergency plan, EU vitality coverage chief Kadri Simsson rejected Gazprom’s announcement that it might “take 20 p.c of the pipeline’s capability”. politically motivated”.

Here’s what that you must know:

Interactive - Nord Stream 1

Why does Nord Stream 1 matter?

  • Nord Stream 1, which is majority owned by Gazprom, is the only largest pipeline bringing important provides of Russian pure fuel to Europe through Germany.
  • The European Union is closely depending on Russian fuel. Final 12 months Russia provided 40 p.c of the EU’s pure fuel.
  • It has fallen considerably this 12 months, placing strain on energy-intensive industries and commodity costs going by way of the roof.
  • Upkeep work went largely unnoticed previously, however the pipeline has now turn out to be a bargaining chip as Russia and the West dealt an financial blow in response to Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine launched in February.

What’s occurred thus far?

  • Russia reduce capability by 1 to 40 p.c by way of Nord Stream in June, citing the delayed return of generators being serviced by Siemens Vitality in Canada. Germany rejected the reason, saying there was “no technical justification” for the cuts.
  • Moscow this month fully shut down the pipeline for 10 days of annual upkeep, restarting it once more on July 21 at 40 p.c of regular ranges.
  • On Monday, Gazprom introduced that it was suspending operation of one of many final two working generators of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline because of “engineering situations.”
  • It mentioned deliveries to Europe through the pipeline have been to be lowered to about 20 p.c of its capability from Wednesday.
  • EU vitality coverage chief Kadri Simson mentioned on Tuesday, “We all know there isn’t a technical cause to do that,” including that Moscow’s strikes to cut back fuel consumption to the EU pre-emptively. needed to compete.

Why is the problem political?

  • Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov informed reporters on Monday that Russia is “not ” in fully shutting down its fuel provide to Europe. Nevertheless, “if Europe continues its course of fully recklessly imposing sanctions and sanctions, the state of affairs could change,” he mentioned.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin foreshadowed the newest cuts this month, warning the West that persevering with sanctions would result in devastating vitality costs for shoppers all over the world.
  • Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky mentioned on Sunday that Russia is waging an “open fuel conflict” in opposition to Europe, which he mentioned ought to “hit again” with powerful sanctions.
  • Germany’s economic system ministry has mentioned there isn’t a technical cause for additional discount of fuel provide by way of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline. Economic system Minister Robert Habeck informed DPA information company Putin is “enjoying a fraudulent sport”.

what occurs subsequent?

  • Peskov mentioned the turbine hasn’t arrived but, however Moscow expects it to be put in “ahead of later.”
  • Regardless of assurances, Russia may determine to chop fuel flows to Europe this winter, sending Germany into recession and triggering additional hikes in meals and vitality costs already precipitated by the Russia-Ukraine battle. may.
  • Germany – Europe’s largest economic system – depends on Russia for practically a 3rd of its provides and is dashing to fill its fuel storage amenities this winter earlier than fuel is required to warmth houses.
  • EU vitality ministers agreed on Tuesday an emergency proposal that requires voluntarily lowering fuel consumption by 15 p.c by mid-September to save lots of about 45 billion cubic meters of fuel wanted for the winter.
  • Regardless of opposition from states together with Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain, the EU may make the requirement necessary if member states fail to realize the aim.

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