The European Union requires EU nations to impose a minimal excise responsibility of €0.36 per liter (US$1.55 per gallon) on gasoline. At the moment’s map reveals that solely Bulgaria, Hungary and Poland persist with the bottom gasoline tax charge, whereas all different EU nations select to impose larger excise taxes on gasoline.
The Netherlands has the best gasoline tax within the European Union at €0.82 per liter ($3.69 per gallon). Italy applies the second highest charge at €0.73 per liter ($3.26 per gallon), adopted by Finland at €0.72 per liter ($3.24 per gallon).
Hungary has the bottom gasoline tax at €0.34 per liter ($1.49 per gallon), because the Hungarian charge is ready in its home forex, the forint, leading to a mean charge barely under the EU minimal after trade charge fluctuations. The subsequent lowest are Bulgaria and Poland, each at €0.36 per liter ($1.61 per gallon).
About 30 p.c of latest passenger automobiles within the European Union are diesel automobiles. Due to this fact, many European shoppers face excise taxes on diesel as an alternative of gasoline. The EU units a barely decrease minimal excise responsibility of €0.33 per liter ($1.48 per gallon) on diesel.
Twenty-five of the 27 EU nations impose decrease excise duties on diesel than on gasoline. The UK, which is not a part of the European Union, and Belgium each levy the identical charge on the 2 sorts of gasoline, whereas Slovenia taxes diesel at a charge of €0.01 ($0.09 per gallon), the identical charge on unleaded gasoline. is extra. The common excise responsibility in Europe is €0.55 per liter ($2.47 per gallon) on gasoline and €0.44 per liter ($1.98 per gallon) on diesel.
The UK imposes the best excise responsibility on diesel at €0.67 per liter ($3.00 per gallon), adopted by Italy (€0.62 per liter or $2.76 per gallon) and Belgium (€0.60 per liter or $2.68 per gallon). .
The nations with the bottom excise responsibility on diesel are Hungary, at €0.31 per liter ($1.38 per gallon), once more under the bottom charge attributable to trade charges, adopted by Malta, Bulgaria and Poland, which cost €0.33 per litre. . ($1.48 per gallon).
This yr, as a result of Russian invasion of Ukraine, European nations noticed a big improve in power costs. Eleven nations briefly reduce their gasoline and diesel taxes to partially counteract larger costs. Germany carried out the largest short-term gasoline reduce, starting from €0.67 to €0.36, adopted by Belgium’s from €0.60 to €0.46. All short-term deductions are attributable to expire no later than the top of the calendar yr.
All EU nations additionally impose a value-added tax (VAT) on gasoline and diesel. The excise responsibility quantity proven within the map relates solely to excise responsibility and doesn’t embody VAT, which is levied on the sale worth of gasoline and diesel.
|Provisional tax charge until July 1, 2022|
|gasoline tax||diesel tax||gasoline tax||diesel tax|
|EUR. in per liter||USD. in per gallon||Put up||EUR. in per liter||USD. in per gallon||Put up||EUR. in per liter||EUR. in per liter|
|Czech Republic (CZ)||€0.51||$2.27||18||€0.39||$1.76||19||€0.45||€0.33|
|Eire (IE)||€0.64||$2.85||1 1||€0.54||$2.39||5||€0.47||€0.41|
|Slovenia (SI)||€0.45||$1.99||22||€0.46||$2.08||1 1||€0.37||€0.34|
|Sweden (SE) ****||€0.67||$3.00||6||€0.47||$2.12||10||€0.53||€0.33|
|United Kingdom (GB)||€0.67||$3.00||7||€0.67||$3.00||1||€0.62||€0.62|
Word: Excise duties apply to petroleum and diesel with <10 mg/kg, RON 95 (gasoline), bioethanol content material, and embody carbon taxes and surcharges, if relevant. Excise responsibility was transformed to USD utilizing the typical 2021 USD-EUR trade charge (0.846); See IRS, "Annual Common Foreign money Alternate Charges," https://www.irs.gov/people/international-taxpayers/yearly-average-currency-exchange-rates.
*These nations will not be a part of the EU
** Hungary’s excise responsibility is decreased to EUR 0.35 per liter for gasoline and EUR 0.34 per liter for diesel if the world market worth of crude oil is at or under $50 USD/barrel.
*** Malta’s short-term charge discount is in impact for the entire of 2022.
**** The excise duties listed have been derived from the charges relevant to Atmosphere Class 1 gasoline and diesel.
Supply: European Fee, “Taxes in Europe Database,” https://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/tedb/splSearchForm.html; and HM Income and Customs, “UK Commerce Obligation: Excise, Aid, Drawbacks, and Allowances,” https://www.gov.uk/authorities/publications/uk-trade-tariff-excise-duties-reliefs-drawbacks -and-perks/uk-trade-tariffs-excise-relief-drawbacks-and-perks.