European nations flip to coal as sanctions on Russian power backfire, Vitality Information, ET Energyworld

BERLIN: Quite a lot of European nations are contemplating returning to coal to safe power provides, as gasoline provides from Russia dwindled in current weeks amid EU sanctions.

Germany, Austria, Poland, the Netherlands and Greece are among the many first European nations to reopen coal energy vegetation or take measures to assist coal energy, experiences Xinhua information company, as a measure of power provide safety within the coming winter. Underline the significance.

This marks a “U-turn” from Europe’s efforts lately to limit coal energy technology to advertise new power sources, scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions and scale back the proportion of coal energy within the power combine. represents.

sudden scenario

The European Fee famous on Monday that “a number of the current coal capacities may very well be used for longer than initially anticipated” because of the new power panorama in Europe.

“We all know that the power combine and the plans of member states will modify barely as a result of we’re in an unpredictable scenario,” fee spokesman Tim McPhee mentioned in a press briefing.

Russian power agency Gazprom not too long ago considerably lowered gasoline circulate by means of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline in Germany.

After reducing gasoline provides, the German authorities on Sunday launched plenty of energy-saving measures, together with decreasing using gasoline for energy technology and industrial actions, and filling storage amenities.

“Gasoline consumption should proceed to say no, and extra gasoline have to be put into storage, in any other case issues will get actually tight within the winter,” German Financial Affairs and Local weather Motion Minister Robert Habeck mentioned on Sunday.

Austrian power firm OMV mentioned on Monday that the nation was ready to obtain half of its regular quantity of pure gasoline from Russia for a second day. Austria will get about 80 p.c of its pure gasoline from Russia.

The power disaster has additionally put Greece in a troublesome place in the course of the transition to a inexperienced financial system.

Coal manufacturing has boomed at Greece’s largest coal mine close to the northern metropolis of Kozani.

Inaugurating a brand new photo voltaic facility in northern Greece in April, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis introduced a 50 p.c enhance in lignite manufacturing by 2024 to construct reserves. Plans to shut extra coal-fired energy stations have been stalled.

“Actually, for the subsequent two years, it could make sense to extend coal-fired power manufacturing by growing its mining by 50 p.c in order that we will scale back our dependence on gasoline within the quick time period,” Mitsotakis mentioned.

short-term resolution?

The Russian-Ukrainian battle compelled many European nations to rethink their power provides. He harassed that the “reverse” of power coverage and measures are short-lived and can assist keep away from gasoline shortages within the coming winter.

The German authorities said that gasoline energy vegetation had been changed with coal-fired energy vegetation for electrical energy technology to cut back gasoline consumption, whereas insisting {that a} shock U-turn on power coverage would imply a coal exhaust plan. There was no return.

Earlier than the battle, a coalition of the German authorities had determined to “ideally” transfer to the coal section from 2038 to 2030.

Within the first quarter of the yr, coal remained Germany’s most necessary power supply, accounting for 31.5 p.c of whole electrical energy technology.

The Dutch authorities has additionally given a inexperienced sign to coal-fired energy stations, that are allowed to run at full energy by 2024.

By growing coal manufacturing, the Dutch authorities hopes to avoid wasting 2.3 billion cubic meters of gasoline every year.

In one other growth, Austria introduced on Sunday that it could reopen a mothball coal energy plant to take care of a possible energy scarcity brought on by quick provide of pure gasoline from Russia.

The Austrian authorities mentioned it could work with electrical energy provider Verband Group to reactivate the plant within the southern metropolis of Melch.

As well as, Poland, one of many EU’s most coal-dependent nations, has introduced measures to subsidize coal for households and housing cooperatives amid a coal scarcity and rising costs.

About 70 p.c of Poland’s electrical energy comes from coal, by far the very best proportion within the European Union. One-third of Polish households use coal to warmth their properties.

Beneath Polish authorities proposals, shoppers will have the ability to purchase three tons of coal at round 1,000 zlotys ($227) per tonne, whereas the market value may attain 3000 zlotys ($681) per ton, primarily resulting from restrictions within the nation. On Russian coal imports in April. (1 Zloty$0.227)

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