Bangalore, India – WorldAtlas

formally often called “Bengaluru” Bangalore is the most important metropolis and present capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Town of Bangalore is positioned within the central a part of the Mysore Plateau within the southeast nook of the Indian state of Karnataka. Town is located at a median altitude of 920 meters, making it the very best amongst all main Indian cities. With a inhabitants of roughly 10,456,000 inhabitants, Bangalore is taken into account the third most populous metropolis in India and its fifth most populous city agglomeration. This multi-ethnic metropolitan metropolis can also be sometimes called “Silicon Valley of India”.

Geography of Bangalore

Aerial view of Bangalore.

The landlocked metropolis of Bangalore is positioned within the central a part of the Mysore Plateau, a area of the bigger Deccan Plateau within the southeastern nook of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore covers an space of ​​1741 km, and a big a part of the town is part of Bangalore City District of Karnataka, whereas its surrounding rural areas comprise part of Bangalore Rural District of the state.

Cubbon Park in Bangalore.

Bangalore has two distinct topographical localities: the comparatively flat North Bangalore Taluk and the uneven and mountainous South Bangalore Taluk. A significant granitic ridge runs by means of the middle of Bangalore North taluk, and Doddabettahalli – the very best level of the state – lies on this ridge. Nonetheless, no main rivers movement by means of the town of Bangalore. The Arkavati River, a tributary of the Kaveri River, and the South Pennar River, go by means of the Nandi Hills, which lie about 60 km north of Bangalore. A minor tributary of the Arkavati River is the Vrishabhavati River, which is the one river that originates and flows by means of Bangalore. Nonetheless, the town has a number of freshwater lakes and water tanks, together with Hesaraghatta Lake, Hebbal Lake, Yediyur Lake, Ulsoor Lake, Madiwala Tank and Sanki Tank.

Bangalore Local weather

Bengaluru logo on a lattice frame wall.
Bengaluru emblem on a lattice body wall. Editorial credit score: Photograph Junction /

As per the Köppen local weather classification, the town of Bangalore experiences a tropical savanna local weather with nice summers and delicate winters. Town usually enjoys a average local weather all year long, with a median summer season temperature of round 34 °C and a winter temperature of about 16 °C. Town receives rainfall from the southwest and northeast monsoons, and summer season thunderstorms typically end in native flooding and energy outages.

Demography and Economic system of Bangalore

World Trade Center skyscraper and Orion Mall in Bangalore
World Commerce Heart skyscraper and Orion Mall at blue hour in Bangalore, Karnataka. Editorial credit score: Caitlin Lazar /

Based on the 2011 census, the megacity of Bangalore is residence to over 10 million folks, making it the third most populous metropolis in India and the 18th most populous on the planet. About 78.9% of Bangalore’s inhabitants is Hindu, 13.9% is Muslim, 5.6% is Christian, and 1.0% is Jain. Kannada is the official language spoken by about 44.5% of the town’s inhabitants. Bangalore can also be the second quickest rising metropolis within the nation with an financial progress of 10.3%. The Kempegowda Worldwide Airport is positioned within the city of Devanahalli, about 40 km northeast of Bengaluru. The airport serves 26.9 million passengers yearly, making it the third busiest airport within the nation.

Main Administrative Building of Indian Institute of Science
Façade of the principle administrative constructing of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, India. Editorial credit score: Ajay TVM /

sometimes called “Silicon Valley of India” Bangalore is the biotechnology hub of India and accounts for 38% of its whole IT exports. Aside from this, the town has many different industries like car, electrical, equipment, meals processing and many others. Aside from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, Bangalore is the fifth metropolis within the nation to host the very best variety of Fortune firms. , Lots of the nation’s prime tutorial and analysis institutes such because the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore College, Nationwide Aeronautical Analysis Laboratory, Raman Analysis Institute, and others that appeal to one of the best younger minds from throughout the nation are current on this cosmopolitan metropolis. Town additionally homes the headquarters of a number of start-up firms like Ola Cabs, Swiggy, Quikr, RedBus. The Kannada movie trade, which produces round 80 Kannada function movies per yr, can also be primarily based in Bangalore.

points of interest in bangalore

Bangalore is named “Metropolis of Gardens” Due to its vast streets, public parks and huge inexperienced areas. Town additionally serves as a middle of tourism exercise and a number of other notable festivals akin to Bangalore Karaga, Someshwara Automotive Pageant, Karnataka Rajyotsava, Ugadi, Rama Navami, Eid ul-Fitr and others are celebrated right here. Among the vital public parks positioned right here embody Lalbagh Botanical Backyard, Cubbon Park, and many others.

Vidhana Soudha in Bangalore
Vidhana Soudha – seat of the State Legislature of Karnataka in Bangalore, India.

Notable buildings within the metropolis embody Vidhan Soudha, Attara Kacheri, Indian Cartoon Gallery, Tipu Sultan’s Fort and Palace and many others. As well as, a number of sports activities stadiums akin to Kanteerva Indoor Stadium, M. Chinnaswamy Stadium (residence of the Nationwide Cricket Academy) is positioned in Bangalore.

Transient Historical past of Bangalore

Bangalore Palace in Bangalore, India
Bangalore Palace in Bangalore, India.

The historical past of the town dates again to about 890 AD in a stone inscription discovered within the Nageshwar temple, which mentions “Bengaluru Kalaga”. Due to this fact, this stone inscription makes the earliest reference to the present official title of the town, “Bengaluru.” A mud fort was established in 1537 AD by the feudal ruler Kempe Gowda, which is taken into account by many to be the muse of the trendy metropolis of Bangalore. Within the sixteenth century, after the autumn of the Vijayanagara Empire, the Mughals offered the town to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar, the then Maharaja of Mysore. The administration of the town handed into the fingers of King Hyder Ali when he took management of the Kingdom of Mysore.

Bangalore Fort
An previous fort in Bangalore.

Nonetheless, after victory within the Fourth Anglo-Mysore Struggle, the town was captured by the British East India Firm, and administrative management was returned to the Maharaja of Mysore. The previous metropolis developed underneath the rule of the Maharaja of Mysore and was ultimately made the capital of the princely state of Mysore. Nonetheless, the British shifted their cantonment exterior the previous metropolis and shortly developed a metropolis round it which got here to be ruled as a part of British India. After India’s independence in 1947, the town of Bangalore turned the capital of the Mysore state. In 1949, the city and the cantonment had been built-in into one city centre. After its formation in 1956, Bangalore turned the capital of the state of Karnataka. “Bengaluru” The unique title of the town in Kannada language was introduced because the official title of the town in 2006.

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